Collared Parachute - Marasmius rotula
Despite its diminutive size, Marasmius rotula (Marasmiaceae) is one of the most attractive of the many parachute mushrooms and quite the most distinctive. Its preferred habitat is dead deciduous hardwood roots and fallen trunks, branches and twigs, in hedgerows as well as in woodlands. Only occasionally it is found on conifer wood.
The caps of this tiny mushrooms are white or pale cream, and reach up to 1.5 cm across, while the stem is darker brown towards the base, shiny, and up to 7 cm long.
The Collared Parachute is widespread and common in Britain and Ireland, mainland Europe, and in North America.
Photo credit: ©Juan Carlos Poveda Molero | Locality: Irati Forest, Basque Country (2010)
My favorite shark is the Zebra shark, Stegostoma fasciatum, which is a type of carpet shark, and is very commonly called a leopard shark (but it is not). Zebra sharks are similar in morphology to Nurse sharks, but belong to a different family.
The Kodkod - Leopardus guigna -The smallest felid in the Americas
Commonly known as Kodkod, Guiña, Chilean Cat, Guigna and Guina, Leopardus guigna (Felidae) is reputed to be the smallest species of wild cat in the Western Hemisphere, averaging up to 52 cm in length, no larger than a typical house cat.
They are similar in appearance to Geoffroy’s cats (Leopardus geoffroyi) except kodkods have less distinct stripes on their head and shoulder regions and they have thicker tails.
Besides being the smallest felid in the Americas, kodkods also has the smallest distribution. This species is only found in central and southern Chile, Chiloé Island of Chile, Guaitecas Island of Chile, the Andes Mountains, and western Argentina. Having a patchy area of occupancy, currently Leopardus guigna is listed as Vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List.
Photo credit: ©Christopher Momberg | Locality: Termas de Chillán, Chile (2014)
Fish of Baltic Sea
While the Baltic Sea might seem boring and mundane compared to tropical oceans, it has a fairly diverse and very odd assemblage of fish. It’s the world’s largest pool of brackish water, but it’s geologically so young, there are no specialized brackish water species.
So it’s a confusing mix. There are resilient ocean species, often smaller than their oceanic counterparts and unable to breed in some parts of the sea, and just as resilient freshwater fish venturing into the salty parts. Arctic fish mixed with temperate species coming from south. Oceanic fish that once invaded fresh waters and then returned here, now unable to tolerate full ocean salinity.
Fish that give birth, fish whose males get pregnant, fish whose eyes migrate over their heads during their lifetimes, fish that build nests, fish that smell like fresh cucumber. We have everything.
Made for Sieppo, a children’s magazine published by The Finnish Association for Nature Conservation.
Black markers and Photoshop imitating watercolor.
Text and illustration: Maija Karala
Elegant Firefish - Nemateleotris decora
This is a popular ornamental fish commonly referred to as Elegant Firefish, Decorated Darfish, Purple Fire Goby and Fire Goby. Its scientific name is Nemateleotris decora (Perciformes - Microdesmidae). This colorful fish is monogamous and grows up to 12 cm.
The species is native to the Indo-Pacific waters, from Mauritius to Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia.
Photo credit: ©Tanaka Juuyoh | Locality: Mactan Cebu, Central Visayas, Philippines - 42m deep (2006)
Gachala Mine, Boyaca Dept., Colombia.